Infection – superficial wound infection or deeper infections including meningitis, osteomyelitis
Bleeding – which may be superficial or deep causing intracerebral haematoma and stroke-like symptoms such as weakness, numbness and speech disturbance
Epilepsy which may require medication
Temporary or permanent neurological damage in the form of weakness, numbness, paralysis or speech disturbance (which is a stroke like symptoms)
Loss of smell or cerebrospinal fluid leak through the nose if a frontal approach is required.